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Medicine & Osteopathic Medicine (Pre)
Medicine & Osteopathic Medicine (Pre)
Career Opportunities and Work Life

A career in medicine offers a wide variety of professional opportunities. There are two types of physicians: Doctor of Medicine (MD) and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO). While both MDs and DOs may use drugs and surgery as methods of treatment, DOs place an emphasis on the musculoskeletal system.

Physicians may work in one or more of the following specialties:

  • Anesthesiology
  • Family and general medicine
  • General internal medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Surgery

Other specialists include: allergists, cardiologists, dermatologists, gastroenterologists, and pathologists.

Work Environment
Whether working in neighborhood clinics, hospitals, private practices, or schools, there is no standard work week. Long, irregular hours are required often demanding more that the standard 40-hour work week. Often, physicians are on-call for emergencies.

While most physicians care for people in need, others are involved in research. Many physicians work tirelessly developing new treatments for cancer, AIDS, and other diseases and disorders.

Some physicians decide to go into academics, health maintenance organizations, pharmaceutical companies, medical equipment manufacturers, and insurance companies.

Employment Outlook
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, employment of physicians and surgeons will grow by 24 percent by 2020. Due to an aging population and increased demand for medical services, there is a high level of demand.

In Michigan, family and general practitioners are expected to see an employment increase of 19 percent by 2020.

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