English as a Second or Additional Language Policy
Office of Origin: Academic Affairs
Date Adopted: 01-27-98
Date Reviewed: 10-31-2017
Last Date Modified & Approved: 4-17-2018
All prospective non-immigrant international students seeking a degree or certificate program at Lake Michigan College must demonstrate English for Academic Purposes (EAP) proficiency as part of the admissions and F1 visa application process1. Additionally, prospective residential students whose first or dominant language is not English must demonstrate EAP proficiency as part of enrollment. From here on, both international and residential students whose first or dominant language is not English will be referred to as English Language Learners (ELLs).
Determining English for Academic Purposes Language Proficiency
LMC is aware that the college readiness assessment instruments designed for students whose first language is English do not adequately assess the language skills of students whose first language is not English. Therefore, the college requires ELLs to demonstrate language proficiency by taking one of the following international standardized EAP language exams (or other standardized assessment approved by the director of ESL) at an approved testing site prior to or during their application to LMC. In some cases, ELLs may be exempt from taking these standardized tests (see Exemptions from standardized EAP language proficiency testing section within this document).
Published by Educational Testing Service
- TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test of English as a Foreign Language)
- TOEFL Paper-based (as of June 01, 2017 the Paper-based TOEFL is no longer being administered)
- TOEFL Paper-delivered (available as of October 14, 2017)
Published by Cambridge Assessment English
- IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
Published by Cambridge Michigan Language Assessments
- MELAB (Michigan English Language Assessment Battery)
Score reports of these tests must be sent from the test provider itself. It is the responsibility of the student applicant to contact the test provider to send a score report to LMC directly. Digital or photocopied copies of score reports sent by the applicant will not be accepted.
Minimum Cut Scores for Standardized Language Proficiency Tests
Given the academic rigor and expectations of first-year classes at Lake Michigan College, degree-seeking ELLs will need to demonstrate a minimum language proficiency level of B2 on the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) scale2 in order to study at LMC without formal language support (e.g., EAP courses and/or co-requisites). All three academic language proficiency tests listed above are either linked or aligned to the CEFR, and the minimum cut scores suggested by the College reflect a minimum B2 level overall proficiency (as researched and published by Educational Testing Service3).
* After June 1, 2019, the College can no longer accept Paper-based TOEFL scores as an accepted standardized EAP proficiency measure.
Exemptions from standardized EAP language proficiency testing
If an ELL has (a) attended a US high school for four years and graduated from a US high school, or (b) satisfactorily completed one full academic year at a college or university in the U.S. as a full-time student without taking any ESL classes, or (c) earned an accredited bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree in the U.S., or is (d) from a country where English is one of the official languages (e.g., Canada, Australia, Malta, Malawi, etc.), he/she might be exempt from taking a standardized test to demonstrate EAP language proficiency prior to or while applying to LMC.
Depending on language needs and educational goals, ELLs not looking to enroll in a degree program at LMC may not need demonstrate EAP language proficiency in order to enroll for a course. Non-immigrant and residential ELL applicants looking to take English language-only courses offered by the College, such as the EAP academic bridge courses and/or community education ESL courses, will need to take English language proficiency assessments as specified by the Director of ESL, to determine enrollment eligibility and class level placement within the language-only courses. See ESL Handbook for more information.
Non-immigrant or residential ELLs who want to audit an academic course for no credit will need to demonstrate the ability to meet E, M, and R pre-requisites specific to the course. See the Registration Policy for more information.
Sub-score minimum cut scores for full matriculation to a degree or certificate program and/or placement purposes within EAP courses offered at LMC
It is rare that a language learner demonstrates a consistent CEFR level of proficiency for all the subskills (e.g., speaking, listening, writing, and reading) tested within these exams. It is common for learners to have a jagged profile, meaning that the learner demonstrates a higher level of proficiency in receptive skills (listening and reading) in comparison to productive skills (speaking and writing). For this reason, an applicant’s subskill scores on these standardized tests will be considered by the College when evaluating a student’s score report (see the Guide to Testing, Placement and Mobility for Transitional Studies and Mathematics Courses document).
If an applicant required to take standardized EAP language proficiency testing earns the minimum overall cut score but does not meet a minimum cut score for one of the subskills within the test, then Multiple Measures may be implemented to make an admissions decision. These multiple measures could include, but are not limited to, having an oral interview with the Director of ESL, submitting SAT verbal scores (if taken by the applicant), obtaining another writing sample from the applicant, or some other additional language production measure deemed appropriate by the Director of ESL.
Responsibility: Provost and Vice President of Academic Affairs
1Department of Homeland Security Study in the States: Form I-20 English Proficiency Guidance (https://studyinthestates.dhs.gov/2016/08/sevp-policy-provides-information-on-form-i-20-english-proficiency-guidance)
2Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) global descriptors from Council of Europe (https://www.coe.int/en/web/common-european-framework-reference-languages/table-1-cefr-3.3-common-reference-levels-global-scale)
3Educational Testing Service: Compare TOEFL® Scores (https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/)